8. Short quotes are enclosed in double quotation marks (“) and embedded in the text.

9. Long verbatim citations, which contain more than 40 words, are written in a separate paragraph, indented the normal left margin and without quotation marks. It will be written double-spaced, keeping the same offset for all lines, except for the lines that begin a paragraph within the quotation, which must have a new offset.

10. If in these long quotations one or more words must be enclosed in quotation marks because they are in the original text, use double quotation marks (“), not single ones.

11. In both long and short citations, the reference must be written that indicates, as a source of information, these data: author, year and pages. The full reference appears in the bibliographic list.

a) When the citation begins after the beginning of the sentence and ends before it, it is enclosed in double quotation marks, and immediately after the citation the reference (author, year and pages) is written and the sentence is continued. (Do not use other punctuation, unless the phrase requires it).

b) If the quotation goes at the end of the sentence, immediately after the quotation put its reference (author, year and pages) and end with a period or another punctuation mark, outside the parentheses. In case the author has already been named before starting the appointment, put the date after the name, in parentheses. For example: Smith (1982) observed that “(…)”; and finish with the indication of the pages: (p.276). There is no punctuation mark between the quotation and this parenthesis.

c) For long quotes, proceed as in b), but omitting the quotation marks at the beginning and at the end. There is a punctuation mark between the quote and the last parenthesis, in this case.

* They are a good resource to present information that is necessary but does not require the precision of a textual quote.

They allow you to provide additional information related to the work topic, without interrupting the logical sequence of the text that is being written.

Notes can be explanatory of the text or indicate sources used by the author (or known to him).

The first ones complete the information. They should not be irrelevant and will only be included if they give more force to the discussion or speech, since they interrupt the thread of the text. Many times, calls that refer to an informative appendix or that indicate where to find further sources of information on the subject are preferable.

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